NIAGARA GREENWAY ECOLOGICAL STANDING COMMITTEE
Source materials on native plants for the Niagara Greenway (last revised 3/2010)
Primary goals of the Greenway Ecological Standing Committee
for the Niagara River Greenway are to restore healthy native plant communities
and increase food and habitat for native and migratory wildlife. The following
list includes some of the sources of information and materials available for this
purpose. This is a developing list. We welcome new sources of information from
Please note that the Niagara Gorge is a botanically unique
area with many rare, locally-adapted species. Any restoration projects planned for the
gorge or gorge rim area will require special review.
NYS and Niagara
· Buffalo Niagara
Riverkeeper. Buffalo and Niagara Rivers Habitat
Assessment and Conservation Framework. BNR, 2008.
For information on habitat and species in the Buffalo and Niagara River
Watersheds. See www.bnriverkeeper.org/programs/habitat/niagara-habitat-study/
Eckel, P.M. For many publications on the flora of the Niagara
River and Gorge area. See, for ex.,
http://www.mobot.org/plantscience/ResBot/flor/WNY-Niag/WNYCheck.htm and http://www.mobot.org/plantscience/ResBot/Niag/Index.htm
Mitchell, Richard S. and Gordon C. Tucker. Revised Checklist of New
Plants, (NYS Museum, 1997). The DOT’s Native Plants for landscape Use in NY, is
based on the list by NYS botanist Richard Mitchell. See www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/rdsduse/ny.htm
Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority. Niagara Peninsula Plant
Although focused on the Ontario side of the Niagara River, the info on plant characteristics, growth
conditions, wildlife and ecology is largely relevant to WNY.
NYS Conservation Department. Biological Survey of the
Erie-Niagara System, 1928. This document contains a list
of the native aquatic plant species
found in the Niagara River.
Communities of New York
State. NYS DEC, 2nd edition, 2002. Provides information on
historical plant communities across the state. www.dec.ny.gov/animals/29384.html
Charles A. Flora
of the Niagara Frontier Region (BMS, 1934) and supplements with Richard Zander,
(BMS, 1975 and 1979). Other Buffalo Museum of Science
botanical publications include Floristics and Environmental Planning in
Western New York and Adjacent Ontario by Richard H. Zander (BMS, 1976).
Erie County Soil
and Water Conservation District. Trees and shrubs are selected for their
wildlife value--not all are native. www.ecswcd.org/html/treeshrub.html
Ernst Conservation Seed, Inc. in Meadville, PA. Provided native plants used at restoration
sites on the Buffalo
Soil and Water
Order trees from their website. www.niagaraswcd.com
NYS DEC. Saratoga Tree Nursery, Saratoga Springs, NY. www.dec.ny.gov/animals/9396.html
The Plantsmen Nursery, Groton, NY (near Ithaca). Mostly native, nursery propagated plants
from locally collected seed—from grasses to trees. www.plantsmen.com
RPM Ecosystems. Dryden, NY. They carry Root Propagation Method-grown
native trees and shrubs. http://www.rpmecosystems.com/wholesale.php
Tier Consulting for habitat restoration: http://www.southerntierconsulting.com/index.html
Materials Center, Big Flats, NY. http://plant-materials.nrcs.usda.gov/nypnc/staff.html
White Oak Nursery, Canandaigua--for native trees and shrubs. http://www.whiteoaknursery.biz
Other good references
American Society of Landscape Architects has
developed requirements for sustainable sites accreditation including guidance
on native & non-native plants. www.sustainablesites.org/report
Joel. Native Plants for Native Birds: A
Guide to Planting for Birds In and Around Ithaca New York.
Cayuga Bird Club, 2009.
Martin. Bioengineering Techniques for Streambank
Restoration, 1995. Looks at root to shoot volumes
and other plant characteristics for specific riparian environments. http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/library/ffip/Donat_M1995.pdf
Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs and Vines for Urban and Rural America: A
Planting Design Manual for Environmental Designers.
Leopold, Donald J. Native
Plants of the Northeast: A Guide to Gardening and Conservation. Timber Press, Portland, 2005.
Wildflower Center. http://www.wildflower.org A very informative and easy to use website
for the gardener or restorationist.
Maine Center for Invasive Aquatic
Plants. Maine Field Guide to Invasive Aquatic Plants and their Common
Native Lookalikes, 2007. http://www.mainevolunteerlakemonitors.org/mciap/FieldGuide.pdf
Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed. http://www.nps.gov/plants/pubs/chesapeake/toc.htm